A TdF History of Sorts

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    B. Lafferty Guest

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    From the Observer via toady's Guardian.

    Pills, spills and bellyaches - a cheat's guide to the Tour=20 William Fotheringham Sunday June 1,
    2003 The Observer

    1904=20

    The most scandalous Tour ever. After a four-month inquiry, the first = four riders overall are
    disqualified, and 25 others - out of a field of = 88 - are punished for offences including
    collusion, use of cars and = trains during stages and taking short cuts. One, Lucien Pothier, is =
    suspended for life.=20

    1905=20

    In an act of sabotage, nails are strewn on the course; all the = competitors bar one, Fran=E7ois
    Dortignacq, puncture on the first stage. = The practice continues for several years.=20

    1906=20

    Three competitors are disqualified at the end of the third stage in = Dijon for taking a train.=20

    1911=20

    The favourite Paul Duboc is given a spiked bottle, allegedly by a rival = team manager, and
    collapses in a ditch in the Pyrenees. The race leader, = Garrigou, has to be disguised in a wig and
    dark glasses to get past = furious Duboc fans in Rouen.=20

    1924=20

    The first drug revelations, when Pelissier and his brother Francis quit. = 'Do you want to see how
    we keep going?' Henri asks the journalist Albert = Londres, taking a flask out of his bag. 'That's
    cocaine to go in our = eyes, chloroform for our gums, and do you want to see the pills? We keep =
    going on dynamite. In the evenings we dance around our rooms instead of = sleeping.'=20

    1937=20

    Roger Lapebie of France wins after a violent dispute with the race = judges ends with the whole
    Belgian team quitting. Lapebie is warming up = before a mountain stage when he notices that his
    handlebar has been sawn = through.=20

    1947=20

    The overall winner Jean Robic offers his biggest rival, Fachleitner, = Fr100,000 to assist him in
    the final stage. Accepting that he is = unlikely to beat Robic, Fach takes the money.=20

    1950=20

    Drunk spectators block the road in the Pyrenees and threaten race = favourite Gino Bartali, who
    quits, taking both Italian national teams = with him.=20

    1953=20

    At the summit of the Tourmalet in the Pyrenees, the tiny climber Jean = Robic is handed a feeding
    bottle filled with lead, weighing 10kg, so = that he can gain ground on the descent.=20

    1955=20

    Breton cyclist Jean Mallejac collapses on Mont Ventoux then has a fit in = the ambulance on the way
    to hospital. Half a dozen other riders collapse = in the heat. Amphetamines are suspected.=20

    1960=20

    The favourite, Roger Riviere, falls into a ravine at high speed and = breaks his back. Pill boxes
    are found in his jersey and a strong = painkiller, Palfium, in his suitcase. He reveals later he was
    taking up = to 40 amphetamine tablets a day.=20

    1962=20

    The 'bad fish' affair. 20 riders fall ill in the Pyrenees amid rumours = that they have taken the
    wrong drugs, and claims that they have eaten = rotten fish. A cartoon in l'Equipe entitled 'we've
    eaten bad fish' shows = a group of cyclists sitting in front of a half eaten fish with syringes =
    for bones.=20

    1966=20

    A half-hearted attempt to bring in drug tests results in a riders' = strike, which five-times winner
    Jacques Anquetil, a fervent opponent of = testing explains in these words: 'We find these tests
    degrading. Why do = cyclists have to be suspected and controlled while any other free man = can do
    what he likes and take what he likes?' There are six positives, = lightly punished.=20

    1967=20

    Tom Simpson, Britain's 1965 world champion, collapses and dies close to = the summit of Mont
    Ventoux. The postmortem reveals a mix of alcohol and = amphetamines in his guts. An inquiry
    concludes that drugs contributed to = his death.=20

    1968=20

    The 'Tour de Sante' ('health Tour'): drug tests are brought in and = properly applied. Two riders
    test positive.=20

    1978=20

    Michel Pollentier of Belgium wins the stage at l'Alpe d'Huez. When he is = dope tested afterwards
    the doctors find an elaborate system of tubes = running from his armpit to his penis containing
    clean urine. He is = disqualified. So are another seven riders for asking the crowds to push = them
    up the climbs.=20

    1979=20

    Again at l'Alpe d'Huez, an unnamed cyclist is called for a dope test. = His wife fakes a fainting
    fit outside the caravan, the doctor runs to = assist her, and a flask of clean urine is
    substituted.=20

    1980=20

    In an unusually blatant example of aggressive sprinting, the Dutchman = Henk Lubberding knocks off
    the Frenchman Michel Laurent as the pair = sprint for the finish at Saint Etienne. Laurent breaks
    his collarbone, = and has to walk over the line to claim seventh place. He is later = awarded stage
    victory.=20

    1989=20

    A helicopter is commissioned to carry a race judge, solely to clamp down = on backmarkers taking
    tows from cars in the convoy during the mountain = stages.=20

    1997=20

    Djamolidin Abduzhaparov, three-times winner of the green jersey for best = sprinter, is thrown off
    the race after testing positive for clenbuterol, = a powerful steroid, and Bromantan, a stimulant
    used by Soviet fighter = pilots. Three stage 'winners' are disqualified for carving up the =
    opposition in sprint finishes including Erik Zabel of Germany. At the = finish in Marennes, the
    Belgian Tom Steels is sent home for throwing a = water bottle at Frenchman Fred Moncassin, while in
    Dijon Dutchman Bart = Voskamp and German Jens Heppner sprint out the stage win with elbows =
    entangled and leaning on one another at an impossible angle. They are = both disqualified.=20

    1998=20

    The 'Tour de Farce'. Willy Voet, masseur with Festina is arrested near = Lille while conveying his
    charges' drugs to the Tour. Voet himself is = high on 'Belgian mix', a melange of cocaine, morphine,
    heroine and = amphetamines. Festina are thrown off the Tour, which degenerates into a = chaos of
    riders' strikes and police raids. Eight of the team's nine = riders confess to drug taking.=20

    1999=20

    Voet's autobiography is published, and sells 300,000 copies. The 'Tour = of Renewal' begins badly
    when two riders fail the blood thickness tests, = implying possible erythropoietine (EPO) use.=20

    2002=20

    On the day Raimondas Rumsas finishes third overall in Paris, his wife = Edita, who has been
    accompanying her husband on the Tour, is arrested by = customs men at Chamonix, who find 37
    different kinds of drug in her car, = including cortisone, testosterone and growth hormone. Rumsas
    denies any = wrongdoing, claiming the drugs are for his sick mother in law. Edita = remains in jail
    for several months, becoming a cause c=E9l=E8bre in her = native Lithuania. To date, no action has
    been taken against her husband, = who is still racing.=20

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    <DIV><FONT face=3D"Comic Sans MS" size=3D2>From the Observer via toady's =

    Guardian.</FONT></DIV>
    <DV><FONT size=3D2></FONT><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DVI><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DVII><FONT size=3D2><STRONG><FONT size=3D4>Pills, spills and bellyaches =
    - a cheat's=20 guide to the Tour <BR></FONT></STRONG>William Fotheringham<BR>Sunday = June 1,=20
    2003<BR>The Observer</FONT></DIV>
    <DIV><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DV><FONT size=3D2>1904 </FONT></DIV>
    <DVI><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DVII><FONT size=3D2>The most scandalous Tour ever. After a four-month = inquiry, the=20 first
    four riders overall are disqualified, and 25 others - out of a = field of 88=20
    - are punished for offences including collusion, use of cars and trains = during=20 stages and
    taking short cuts. One, Lucien Pothier, is suspended for = life.=20 </FONT></DIV>
    <DIV><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DV><FONT size=3D2>1905 </FONT></DIV>
    <DVI><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DVII><FONT size=3D2>In an act of sabotage, nails are strewn on the = course; all the=20
    competitors bar one, Fran=E7ois Dortignacq, puncture on the first stage. = The=20
    practice continues for several years. </FONT></DIV>
    <DVIII><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DIX><FONT size=3D2>1906 </FONT></DIV>
    <DX><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DXI><FONT size=3D2>Three competitors are disqualified at the end of the = third=20 stage in
    Dijon for taking a train. </FONT></DIV>
    <DXII><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DXIII><FONT size=3D2>1911 </FONT></DIV>
    <DXIV><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DXV><FONT size=3D2>The favourite Paul Duboc is given a spiked bottle, = allegedly=20 by a
    rival team manager, and collapses in a ditch in the Pyrenees. The = race=20 leader,
    Garrigou, has to be disguised in a wig and dark glasses to get = past=20 furious Duboc
    fans in Rouen. </FONT></DIV>
    <DXVI><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DXVII><FONT size=3D2>1924 </FONT></DIV>
    <DXVIII><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DXIX><FONT size=3D2>The first drug revelations, when Pelissier and his = brother=20 Francis
    quit. 'Do you want to see how we keep going?' Henri asks the = journalist=20 Albert
    Londres, taking a flask out of his bag. 'That's cocaine to go in = our=20 eyes,
    chloroform for our gums, and do you want to see the pills? We keep = going=20 on
    dynamite. In the evenings we dance around our rooms instead of = sleeping.'=20
    </FONT></DIV>
    <DXX><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DXXI><FONT size=3D2>1937 </FONT></DIV>
    <DXXII><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DXXIII><FONT size=3D2>Roger Lapebie of France wins after a violent dispute = with the=20 race
    judges ends with the whole Belgian team quitting. Lapebie is = warming up=20 before a
    mountain stage when he notices that his handlebar has been sawn =

    through. </FONT></DIV>
    <DXXIV><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DXXV><FONT size=3D2>1947 </FONT></DIV>
    <DXXVI><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DXXVII><FONT size=3D2>The overall winner Jean Robic offers his biggest = rival,=20 Fachleitner,
    Fr100,000 to assist him in the final stage. Accepting that = he is=20 unlikely to beat
    Robic, Fach takes the money. </FONT></DIV>
    <DXXVIII><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DXXIX><FONT size=3D2>1950 </FONT></DIV>
    <DXXX><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DXXXI><FONT size=3D2>Drunk spectators block the road in the Pyrenees and = threaten=20 race
    favourite Gino Bartali, who quits, taking both Italian national = teams with=20 him.
    </FONT></DIV>
    <DXXXII><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DXXXIII><FONT size=3D2>1953 </FONT></DIV>
    <DXXXIV><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DXXXV><FONT size=3D2>At the summit of the Tourmalet in the Pyrenees, the = tiny=20 climber Jean
    Robic is handed a feeding bottle filled with lead, weighing = 10kg,=20 so that he can
    gain ground on the descent. </FONT></DIV>
    <DXXXVI><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DXXXVII><FONT size=3D2>1955 </FONT></DIV>
    <DXXXVIII><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DXXXIX><FONT size=3D2>Breton cyclist Jean Mallejac collapses on Mont = Ventoux then=20 has a fit
    in the ambulance on the way to hospital. Half a dozen other = riders=20 collapse in the
    heat. Amphetamines are suspected. </FONT></DIV>
    <DXL><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DXLI><FONT size=3D2>1960 </FONT></DIV>
    <DXLII><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DXLIII><FONT size=3D2>The favourite, Roger Riviere, falls into a ravine at = high=20 speed and
    breaks his back. Pill boxes are found in his jersey and a = strong=20 painkiller,
    Palfium, in his suitcase. He reveals later he was taking up = to 40=20 amphetamine
    tablets a day. </FONT></DIV>
    <DXLIV><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DXLV><FONT size=3D2>1962 </FONT></DIV>
    <DXLVI><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DXLVII><FONT size=3D2>The 'bad fish' affair. 20 riders fall ill in the = Pyrenees amid=20
    rumours that they have taken the wrong drugs, and claims that they have = eaten=20 rotten
    fish. A cartoon in l'Equipe entitled 'we've eaten bad fish' shows = a group=20 of
    cyclists sitting in front of a half eaten fish with syringes for = bones.=20
    </FONT></DIV>
    <DXLVIII><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DXLIX><FONT size=3D2>1966 </FONT></DIV>
    <DL><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DLI><FONT size=3D2>A half-hearted attempt to bring in drug tests = results in a=20 riders'
    strike, which five-times winner Jacques Anquetil, a fervent = opponent of=20 testing
    explains in these words: 'We find these tests degrading. Why do = cyclists=20 have to be
    suspected and controlled while any other free man can do what = he=20 likes and take what
    he likes?' There are six positives, lightly = punished.=20 </FONT></DIV>
    <DLII><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DLIII><FONT size=3D2>1967 </FONT></DIV>
    <DLIV><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DLV><FONT size=3D2>Tom Simpson, Britain's 1965 world champion, = collapses and dies=20 close
    to the summit of Mont Ventoux. The postmortem reveals a mix of = alcohol and=20
    amphetamines in his guts. An inquiry concludes that drugs contributed to = his=20 death.
    </FONT></DIV>
    <DLVI><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DLVII><FONT size=3D2>1968 </FONT></DIV>
    <DLVIII><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DLIX><FONT size=3D2>The 'Tour de Sante' ('health Tour'): drug tests are = brought in=20 and
    properly applied. Two riders test positive. </FONT></DIV>
    <DLX><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DLXI><FONT size=3D2>1978 </FONT></DIV>
    <DLXII><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DLXIII><FONT size=3D2>Michel Pollentier of Belgium wins the stage at = l'Alpe d'Huez.=20 When he
    is dope tested afterwards the doctors find an elaborate system = of tubes=20 running from
    his armpit to his penis containing clean urine. He is = disqualified.=20 So are another
    seven riders for asking the crowds to push them up the = climbs.=20 </FONT></DIV>
    <DLXIV><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DLXV><FONT size=3D2>1979 </FONT></DIV>
    <DLXVI><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DLXVII><FONT size=3D2>Again at l'Alpe d'Huez, an unnamed cyclist is called = for a=20 dope test.
    His wife fakes a fainting fit outside the caravan, the doctor = runs to=20 assist her,
    and a flask of clean urine is substituted. </FONT></DIV>
    <DLXVIII><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DLXIX><FONT size=3D2>1980 </FONT></DIV>
    <DLXX><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DLXXI><FONT size=3D2>In an unusually blatant example of aggressive = sprinting, the=20 Dutchman
    Henk Lubberding knocks off the Frenchman Michel Laurent as the = pair=20 sprint for the
    finish at Saint Etienne. Laurent breaks his collarbone, = and has=20 to walk over the
    line to claim seventh place. He is later awarded stage = victory.=20 </FONT></DIV>
    <DLXXII><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DLXXIII><FONT size=3D2>1989 </FONT></DIV>
    <DLXXIV><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DLXXV><FONT size=3D2>A helicopter is commissioned to carry a race judge, = solely to=20 clamp
    down on backmarkers taking tows from cars in the convoy during the =

    mountain stages. </FONT></DIV>
    <DLXXVI><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DLXXVII><FONT size=3D2>1997 </FONT></DIV>
    <DLXXVIII><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DLXXIX><FONT size=3D2>Djamolidin Abduzhaparov, three-times winner of the = green=20 jersey for
    best sprinter, is thrown off the race after testing positive = for=20 clenbuterol, a
    powerful steroid, and Bromantan, a stimulant used by = Soviet=20 fighter pilots. Three
    stage 'winners' are disqualified for carving up = the=20 opposition in sprint finishes
    including Erik Zabel of Germany. At the = finish in=20 Marennes, the Belgian Tom Steels
    is sent home for throwing a water = bottle at=20 Frenchman Fred Moncassin, while in Dijon
    Dutchman Bart Voskamp and = German Jens=20 Heppner sprint out the stage win with elbows
    entangled and leaning on = one=20 another at an impossible angle. They are both
    disqualified. = </FONT></DIV>
    <DLXXX><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DLXXXI><FONT size=3D2>1998 </FONT></DIV>
    <DLXXXII><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DLXXXIII><FONT size=3D2>The 'Tour de Farce'. Willy Voet, masseur with = Festina is=20 arrested
    near Lille while conveying his charges' drugs to the Tour. Voet = himself=20 is high on
    'Belgian mix', a melange of cocaine, morphine, heroine and=20 amphetamines. Festina are
    thrown off the Tour, which degenerates into a = chaos of=20 riders' strikes and police
    raids. Eight of the team's nine riders = confess to=20 drug taking. </FONT></DIV>
    <DLXXXIV><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DLXXXV><FONT size=3D2>1999 </FONT></DIV>
    <DLXXXVI><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DLXXXVII><FONT size=3D2>Voet's autobiography is published, and sells 300,000 = copies.=20 The
    'Tour of Renewal' begins badly when two riders fail the blood = thickness=20 tests,
    implying possible erythropoietine (EPO) use. </FONT></DIV>
    <DLXXXVIII><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DLXXXIX><FONT size=3D2>2002 </FONT></DIV>
    <DXC><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DXCI><FONT size=3D2>On the day Raimondas Rumsas finishes third overall = in Paris,=20 his wife
    Edita, who has been accompanying her husband on the Tour, is = arrested=20 by customs men
    at Chamonix, who find 37 different kinds of drug in her = car,=20 including cortisone,
    testosterone and growth hormone. Rumsas denies any=20 wrongdoing, claiming the drugs are
    for his sick mother in law. Edita = remains in=20 jail for several months, becoming a
    cause c=E9l=E8bre in her native = Lithuania. To=20 date, no action has been taken against
    her husband, who is still racing. =

    </FONT></DIV>
    <DXCII><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DXCIII><BR><FONT size=3D2>Guardian Unlimited =A9 Guardian Newspapers = Limited 2003=20
    </FONT></DIV></BODY></HTML>

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    This is crazy and funny stuff except for the Tom Simpson tragedy that = also was documented pretty
    well in L'Equipe 100 years of the Tour de = France`.

    B-

    "B. Lafferty" <[email protected]> wrote in message =
    news:[email protected]... From the Observer via
    toady's Guardian.

    Pills, spills and bellyaches - a cheat's guide to the Tour=20 William Fotheringham Sunday June 1,
    2003 The Observer

    ------=_NextPart_000_0015_01C32FEF.1F465CA0 Content-Type: text/html; charset="Windows-1252"
    Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable

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    6.00.2800.1170" name=3DGENERATOR> <STYLE></STYLE> </HEAD> <BODY bgColor=3D#c8e0d8>
    <DIV><FONT face=3DArial size=3D2>This is crazy and funny stuff except = for the Tom=20 Simpson
    tragedy that also was documented pretty well in L'Equipe 100 = years of=20 the Tour de
    France`.</FONT></DIV>
    <DV> </DIV>
    <DVI><FONT face=3DArial size=3D2>B-<BR></FONT></DIV> <BLOCKQUOTE dir=3Dltr=20
    style=3D"PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 5px; MARGIN-LEFT: 5px; = BORDER-LEFT: #000000 2px
    solid; MARGIN-RIGHT: 0px">
    <DVII>"B. Lafferty" <<A=20
    =
    href=3D"mailto:[email protected]">[email protected]= .com</A>>=20 wrote in
    message <A=20
    =
    href=3D"news:[email protected]">new=
    s:[email protected]</A>...</DIV>
    <DIV><FONT face=3D"Comic Sans MS" size=3D2>From the Observer via = toady's=20
    Guardian.</FONT></DIV>
    <DV><FONT size=3D2></FONT><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DVI><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
    <DVII><FONT size=3D2><STRONG><FONT size=3D4>Pills, spills and = bellyaches - a=20 cheat's guide
    to the Tour <BR></FONT></STRONG>William = Fotheringham<BR>Sunday=20 June 1, 2003<BR>The
    Observer</FONT></DIV>
    <DVIII><FONT size=3D2></FONT> </DIV>
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  3. Davide Tosi

    Davide Tosi Guest

    "B. Lafferty" <[email protected]> wrote:

    >In an unusually blatant example of aggressive sprinting, the Dutchman = Henk Lubberding knocks off
    >the Frenchman Michel Laurent as the pair = sprint for the finish at Saint Etienne. Laurent breaks
    >his collarbone, = and has to walk over the line to claim seventh place. He is later = awarded
    >stage victory.

    In fact this is one of the best pages of the Tour. Lubberding was a real though man, a true hero,
    while that faggoty frog laurent was just a pussy. I remember that when at the end of that stage I
    was disappointed that laurent did not break his neck bone.
     
  4. James

    James Guest

    "B. Lafferty" <[email protected]> wrote in message
    news:<[email protected]>...
    > From the Observer via toady's Guardian.
    >
    >
    > Pills, spills and bellyaches - a cheat's guide to the Tour William Fotheringham Sunday June 1,
    > 2003 The Observer

    > 1979
    >
    > Again at l'Alpe d'Huez, an unnamed cyclist is called for a dope test. His wife fakes a fainting
    > fit outside the caravan, the doctor runs to assist her, and a flask of clean urine is substituted.
    >
    >
    > Guardian Unlimited Guardian Newspapers Limited 2003
    > --

    Who's wife was this?

    Thanks
     
  5. Benjo Maso

    Benjo Maso Guest

    "B. Lafferty" <[email protected]> wrote in message
    news:[email protected]... From the Observer via
    toady's Guardian.

    ----- Original Message ----- From: B. Lafferty Newsgroups: rec.bicycles.racing Sent: Wednesday, June
    11, 2003 12:16 PM Subject: A TdF History of Sorts

    From the Observer via toady's Guardian.

    >Pills, spills and bellyaches - a cheat's guide to the Tour The ObserverPills, spills and bellyaches
    >- a cheat's guide to the Tour William Fotheringham Sunday June 1, 2003 The Observer

    >1904

    >The most scandalous Tour ever. After a four-month inquiry, the first four
    riders overall are disqualified, and 25 others - out of a field of 88 - are punished for offences
    including collusion, use of cars and >trains during stages and taking short cuts. One, Lucien
    Pothier, is suspended for life.

    The most scandulous? Perhaps, although my favorite is 1929, which isn't even mentioned.

    >1905

    >In an act of sabotage, nails are strewn on the course; all the competitors
    bar one, François Dortignacq, puncture on the first stage. The practice continues for several years.

    It happened already in 1903 and 1904. It was a common practice in those days. There were even
    produced special nails for bicycle racers.

    >1906

    >Three competitors are disqualified at the end of the third stage in Dijon
    for taking a train.

    >1911

    >The favourite Paul Duboc is given a spiked bottle, allegedly by a rival
    team manager, and collapses in a ditch in the Pyrenees. The race leader, Garrigou, has to be
    disguised in a wig and dark glasses to get >past furious Duboc fans in Rouen.

    >1924

    >The first drug revelations, when Pelissier and his brother Francis quit.
    'Do you want to see how we keep going?' Henri asks the journalist Albert Londres, taking a flask out
    of his bag. 'That's cocaine to go >in our eyes, chloroform for our gums, and do you want to see the
    pills? We keep going on dynamite. In the evenings we dance around our rooms instead of sleeping.'

    The first drug revelations?! From the first Tour on riders had admitted taking drugs. Why shouldn't
    they? It was allowed.

    >1937

    >Roger Lapebie of France wins after a violent dispute with the race judges
    ends with the whole Belgian team quitting. Lapebie is warming up before a mountain stage when he
    notices that his handlebar has >been sawn through.

    Said Lapébie, who was the main culprit ofd all the irregularities. Desgrange didn't punish him
    directly - he was too happy with a French winner - but only indirectly: didn't allow him to
    participate to the Tour of '38.

    >1947

    >The overall winner Jean Robic offers his biggest rival, Fachleitner,
    Fr100,000 to assist him in the final stage. Accepting that he is unlikely to beat Robic, Fach takes
    the money.

    I like that. By mentioning the incident - by the way, it wasn't Robic who offered the money, but
    Fach who demanded it - the writer implicated that it was something very uncommon. Of course it was -
    and is - quite usual. By the way, Fr 100.000 wasn't that much.

    >1950

    > Drunk spectators block the road in the Pyrenees and threaten race
    favourite Gino Bartali, who quits, taking both Italian national teams with him.

    Drunk? That's the French version.

    >1953

    >At the summit of the Tourmalet in the Pyrenees, the tiny climber Jean Robic
    is handed a feeding bottle filled with lead, weighing 10kg, so that he can gain ground on
    the descent.

    Which wasn't against the rules.

    >1955

    >Breton cyclist Jean Mallejac collapses on Mont Ventoux then has a fit in
    the ambulance on the way to hospital. Half a dozen other riders collapse in the heat. Amphetamines
    are suspected. ' Suspected? Pills were found in his horelroom.

    >1960

    >The favourite, Roger Riviere, falls into a ravine at high speed and breaks
    his back. Pill boxes are found in his jersey and a strong painkiller, Palfium, in his suitcase. He
    reveals later he was taking up to 40
    >amphetamine tablets a day.

    >1962

    >The 'bad fish' affair. 20 riders fall ill in the Pyrenees amid rumours that
    they have taken the wrong drugs, and claims that they have eaten rotten fish. A cartoon in l'Equipe
    entitled 'we've eaten bad fish' >shows a group of cyclists sitting in front of a half eaten fish
    with syringes for bones.

    >1966

    >A half-hearted attempt to bring in drug tests results in a riders' strike,
    which five-times winner Jacques Anquetil, a fervent opponent of testing explains in these words: 'We
    find these tests degrading. Why >do cyclists have to be suspected and controlled while any other
    free man can do what he likes and take what he likes?' There are six positives, lightly punished.

    And Anquetil was right. If they had listened to him, we wouldn't have all those troubles nowadays.

    >1967

    >Tom Simpson, Britain's 1965 world champion, collapses and dies close to the
    summit of Mont Ventoux. The postmortem reveals a mix of alcohol and amphetamines in his guts. An
    inquiry concludes that >drugs contributed to his death.

    >1968

    >The 'Tour de Sante' ('health Tour'): drug tests are brought in and properly
    applied. Two riders test positive.

    Properly? Especially the Italians had already found highly effective ways to duck the
    controles. It's true that amphetamines could be detected, one of the main reasons why
    cortisones became so popular.

    >1978

    >Michel Pollentier of Belgium wins the stage at l'Alpe d'Huez. When he is
    dope tested afterwards the doctors find an elaborate system of tubes running from his armpit to his
    penis containing clean urine. He >is disqualified. So are another seven riders for asking the crowds
    to push them up the climbs.

    The jury must have out of their mind. From 1903 on riders have asked the crowds to push them.

    >1979

    >Again at l'Alpe d'Huez, an unnamed cyclist is called for a dope test. His
    wife fakes a fainting fit outside the caravan, the doctor runs to assist her, and a flask of clean
    urine is substituted.

    Rumours.

    >1980

    >In an unusually blatant example of aggressive sprinting, the Dutchman Henk
    Lubberding knocks off the Frenchman Michel Laurent as the pair sprint for the finish at Saint
    Etienne. Laurent breaks his >collarbone, and has to walk over the line to claim seventh place. He is
    later awarded stage victory.

    Why mentioning especially this incident? There have been so many.

    >1989

    >A helicopter is commissioned to carry a race judge, solely to clamp down on
    backmarkers taking tows from cars in the convoy during the mountain stages.

    >1997

    >Djamolidin Abduzhaparov, three-times winner of the green jersey for best
    sprinter, is thrown off the race after testing positive for clenbuterol, a powerful steroid, and
    Bromantan, a stimulant used by Soviet >fighter pilots. Three stage 'winners' are disqualified for
    carving up the opposition in sprint finishes including Erik Zabel of Germany. At the finish in
    Marennes, the Belgian Tom Steels is sent home for >throwing a water bottle at Frenchman Fred
    Moncassin, while in Dijon Dutchman Bart Voskamp and German Jens Heppner sprint out the stage win
    with elbows entangled and leaning on one another at an >impossible angle. They are both
    disqualified.

    Concerning the last incident: the jury must have been on drugs. The sprint was only a little bit
    irregular.

    >1998

    >The 'Tour de Farce'. Willy Voet, masseur with Festina is arrested near
    Lille while conveying his charges' drugs to the Tour. Voet himself is high on 'Belgian mix', a
    melange of cocaine, morphine, heroine >and amphetamines. Festina are thrown off the Tour, which
    degenerates into a chaos of riders' strikes and police raids. Eight of the team's nine riders
    confess to drug taking.

    >1999

    >Voet's autobiography is published, and sells 300,000 copies. The 'Tour of
    Renewal' begins badly when two riders fail the blood thickness tests, implying possible
    erythropoietine (EPO) use.

    >2002

    >On the day Raimondas Rumsas finishes third overall in Paris, his wife
    Edita, who has been accompanying her husband on the Tour, is arrested by customs men at Chamonix,
    who find 37 different kinds of >drug in her car, including cortisone, testosterone and growth
    hormone. Rumsas denies any wrongdoing, claiming the drugs are for his sick mother in law. Edita
    remains in jail for several months, becoming a >cause célèbre in her native Lithuania. To date, no
    action has been taken against her husband, who is still racing.

    IMO the author should have made a proper study of the history of the Tour before writing such
    an article.

    Benjo Maso
     
  6. James

    James Guest

    "B. Lafferty" <[email protected]> wrote in message
    news:<[email protected]>...
    > From the Observer via toady's Guardian. 1968
    >
    > The 'Tour de Sante' ('health Tour'): drug tests are brought in and properly applied. Two riders
    > test positive.
    >
    > 1978
    >
    > Michel Pollentier of Belgium wins the stage at l'Alpe d'Huez. When he is dope tested afterwards
    > the doctors find an elaborate system of tubes running from his armpit to his penis containing
    > clean urine. He is disqualified. So are another seven riders for asking the crowds to push them up
    > the climbs.

    What about 1975 when a fan of Bernard Thevenet kidney punched Merckx while climbing. The kidney
    became infected, forcing Merckx to abandon and allowing Thevenet to win.
     
  7. benjo maso schreef:

    >
    > IMO the author should have made a proper study of the history of the Tour before writing such an
    > article.
    >

    typical nowadays cut'n'paste work from a googled website by the non-specialized journalist ?
     
  8. Benjo Maso

    Benjo Maso Guest

    "Van Hoorebeeck Bart" <[email protected]> wrote in message
    news:[email protected]...
    >
    >
    > benjo maso schreef:
    >
    > >
    > > IMO the author should have made a proper study of the history of the
    Tour
    > > before writing such an article.
    > >
    >
    > typical nowadays cut'n'paste work from a googled website by the
    non-specialized
    > journalist ?

    I'm afraid so.
     
  9. Kenny

    Kenny Guest

    > What about 1975 when a fan of Bernard Thevenet kidney punched Merckx while climbing. The kidney
    > became infected, forcing Merckx to abandon and allowing Thevenet to win.

    That was scandalous. I once saw a documentary about that race. After the finish of that stage,
    Merckx descended the climb with some officials to the place where he was hit where he tried to find
    the guy who did it. Luckily other viewers pointed to a french guy with a light brown coat. The guy
    heavily denied that he had punched Merckx. But the pictures from the helicopter showed the
    opposite: a guy in a light brown coat clearly punched Merckx. That was the Thevenet-fan everybody
    was pointing at.
     
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