Cyclists testosterone positives,confessions,police raids


New Member
Jul 27, 2006
Cyclists testosterone positives,confessions,police raids

Francesco Casagrande – tested positive

Gert-Jan Theunisse – tested positive
Jesus Manzano(Kelme)- confessed

Manzano's list

A list of the products that Manzano has referred to in his interviews.

Actovegin (extract of calves blood which supposedly improves oxygen carrying capacity)
Albumina H. (protein in blood plasma)
Androgel (testosterone)
Aranesp (Darbepoetin alfa = super EPO)
Celestote (corticosteroid)
Eprex (EPO)
Genotorm (growth hormone)
Hemoce (plasma)
Deca durabolin (anabolic steroid)
Humatrope (growth hormone)
IgF1 (insulin growth factor 1)
Neofertinon (hormone to stimulate ovulation and estrogen production)
Neorecormon (hormone that regulates red blood cell production)
Norditropin (growth hormone)
Nuvacten (corticosteroid)
Trigon (asthma drug)
Urbason (corticosteroid)
Ventolin (bronchial dilator)
Oxandrolona (anabolic agent)
Vitamin B12 (essential B vitamin)
Triamcinolona (corticosteroid)
Testoviron (testosterone)
Aspirina (analgesic, anti-inflammatory)
Oxyglobin (artificial haemoglobin intended for anaemic dogs)
Hemopure (artificial haemoglobin)
Ferlixit (iron)
Caffeine (stimulant)
Hemassist (artificial haemoglobin)
Prozac (antidepressant)

Robert Sassone - the home of a former Cofidis rider, Robert Sassone, was searched, and a quantities of testosterone, EPO and amphetamines were found that were, according to police, "consistent with personal use and not with large-scale trafficking".

Peter Winnen – confessed- During his career with Raleigh, Panasonic and Buckler, Winnen used testosterone,amphetamines and corticosteroids.

Maarten Ducrot-confessed- Maarten Ducrot used cortisone and testosterone, as well as Synacthen, "a very bad medicine," and he still regrets using it. Ducrot said he experimented with synacthen in 1982 when he was an amateur.

Steven Rooks-confessed- Rooks said he used testosterone and amphetamines during his whole 13 year career. (minor detail: until December 31, 1999 Rooks was still working for TVM!). In addition, former mountain climbing colleague, Gert-Jan Theunisse who was banned for testosterone during his career denied any usage of testosterone in "Reporter".

Fontanelli – tested positive - In 1996, Fontanelli failed a drugs test in the Amstel Gold Race (testosterone).

Michael Skelde - tested positive

Dario Frigo - possession of illegal drugs - according to ANSA newsagency, "Anabolic steriods, testosterone, caffeine and other doping products" were found in his room.

2002-Dario Frigo was in the news again today, in relation to the substances he was carrying during last year's Giro. Frigo was caught with a vial of testosterone (banned) and another two vials labeled "Hemassist", a blood substitute that hadn't made it through clinical trials because too many people died. He was thrown off the Giro and sacked by his team while lying in second overall. He also served a nine month suspension for possession of banned products, although he claimed that he never took them.

Interestingly, the vials of "Hemassist" were finally analysed and were found to contain saline solution(!), which probably would have helped Frigo more than the original product. This scenario as actually quite believable as cyclists will try just about anything if someone tells them it will make them go faster.

Santiago Botero - high testosterone levels- The suspicions that cyclist Santiago Botero was on the juice have been allayed by Spanish Doctor, Eufemiano Fuentes, who demonstrated that the rider’s high testosterone levels are natural in origin (horses are natural, aren't they?). The Colombian Cycling Federation accepted Dr. Fuentes’ explanation.

Botero had been placed in a compromising position when four tests showed his testosterone level to be more than 6 nanograms, the maximum level for normal people. The levels detected in Botero were: 17, 28, 29 and 27(!) Due to these results, his team, Kelme-Costa Blanca, left him out of la Vuelta a España as a preventive measure and his case went to the Colombian Federation.

Sascha Urweider (Phonak) – tested positive –

Urweider blames nutritional supplement

Sascha Urweider, suspended by Team Phonak Monday after a positive A-test for testosterone, lays the blame on a nutritional supplement. "I got the stuff on the Internet from Germany," Urweider said. "I thought a substance from Germany would surely be okay. If it had been something from the US, I would never have tried it."

Team owner Andy Rihs had a different point of view. "What he did was totally crazy," Rihs told Swiss newspaper Blick. "Our team doctors have repeatedly warned against using nutritional supplements." When buying the product, Urweider thought he had been cautious. "I considered it to be a reputable company," he said. "I read the packaging insert. And at some point you just have to trust other people." According to the Neue Zürcher Zeitung, he said that the producer explicitly said that the product does not contain any substance which appears on the doping list.

Urweider did not release the name of the product, but said that if the B-test is also positive, then he would let the product be investigated.

The team suspended Urweider after being informed of the positive results of the doping control taken during training on February 14. Urweider, 25, is a second-year pro with the Swiss team, which has a history of doping-related problems in recent years.

Urweider's B probe positive

Sascha Urweider's B probe has also come back positive for testosterone, a Swiss television station has reported. The Phonak rider came up positive during a training control on February 14. The team suspended him when the positive A result was announced in March. Urweider has been blaming a nutritional supplement.

Festina scandal - The 1998 Tour de France, dubbed the "Tour of Shame", is considered the most scandal-ridden modern Tour. On July 8, 1998, a major scandal erupted after French Customs arrested ***** Voet, one of the seigneurs for the Festina cycling team, for the possession of illegal prescription drugs, including narcotics, erythropoietin (EPO), growth hormones, testosterone, and amphetamines. (Voet later described many common doping practices in his book, Massacre à la Chaîne[4].) Two weeks later, on July 23, 1998, French police raided several teams in their hotels and found doping products in the possession of the TVM team.
Operacion Puerto

What the Puerto dossier revealed

The 38-page Operacion Puerto summary document was just a slice of the expected 500-page final report. However, there were some key details which forced the ProTour teams to insist on application of their ethical code.


Although it still remains to be seen what the conclusion of the Operacion Puerto inquiry in Spain will be, it is worth detailing the allegations listed in the 38-page summary document which was shown to the teams on Friday and led to the ejection of 13 riders from the race. The full inquiry document is reported to stretch to more than 500 pages, but here is what has been alleged and made public so far:

Jan Ullrich: “The codename ‘Jan’ appears four times in a document where a list of coded product names appears to relate to blood stored, human growth hormone, IGF-1 (insulin-like growth factor) and testosterone patches.”

Joseba Beloki: “Document 28 makes reference to Joseba Beloki with the annotations for Human Growth Hormone-Lepori, IGF-1, testosterone patches, human growth hormones, EPO and anabolic steroids, coordinated with a blood transfusion programme.”

Ullrich's alleged doping plan

The Suddeutsche Zeitung has published what it claims was Jan Ullrich's doping plan for the first week of the Tour de France 2005, based on information from Operacion Puerto. For the first seven days of the Tour, Dr. Fuentes prepared him a series of hormones, insulin, cortisone, testosterone and blood transfusions, the newspaper alleged. It claimed that there was a "Roadbook" for the Tour 2005, which investigators link to Ullrich.

On the first day, according to the SZ, the hormone HZ was listed, the second day insulin I-3, the hormone TGN and cortisone, the third day TGN and PCH (a testosterone shot), on the fourth day HMG, a hormone mixture, a "rest day" on the fifth day, the sixth day insulin I-3, and on the last day, the re-infusion of his own blood, as well as insulin I-3 and vitamin E.

The newspaper also notes that it is not clear who might have helped Ullrich with possible transfusions, and notes that experts say that Pevenage or Ullrich himself might have managed it. There is no indication that the medical or support personnel of the team were involved, according to the SZ.
The dope on banned drugs
Our drug dictionary helps you get past the confusing names to explain what the most commonly used banned drugs do, why they are banned and why athletes use them. Click on one to jump to the description or scroll to browse them all alphabetically. For reference, see also eight types of drugs.

WHAT FORM DOES THE DRUG TAKE? injection, capsules, cream, lotion
CLINICAL USE Testosterone is a natural hormone that builds muscle mass. Synthetic testosterone has been used medically to treat patients who suffer from deficiencies in the naturally occurring male sex hormone testosterone, delayed puberty, some types of impotence, breast cancer and body wasting caused by HIV/AIDS or other diseases.
WHY ATHLETES USE IT & WHY IT'S BANNED Testosterone helps athletes increase muscle size and strength, reduce the amount of time required to recover after exercise and train harder for longer periods of time.
SPORTS MOST ASSOCIATED WITH ITS USE track and field, power lifting
WHO'S TESTED POSITIVE? Brazilian runner (800 metre) Fabiane dos Santos; U.S. sprinter Dennis Mitchell; U.S. distance runner Mary Decker Slaney; Dutch discus thrower Erik de Bruin

To help recover, testosterone and human growth hormone can be used. "Both are made by the body and are therefore natural substances," he said. "They help to build muscle as well as in muscle recovery."

Dr Moosburger explained how it was done. "You put a standard testosterone patch that is used for male hormone replacement therapy on your scrotum and leave it there for about six hours. The small dose is not sufficient to produce a positive urine result in the doping test, but the body actually recovers faster."
Jaksche's doctor: drug use common

German doctor Kurt Moosburger, who has looked after Jörg Jaksche (among others) for the past two years, has told dpa that he believes that performance enhancing drugs are "indispensable" for high level cycling

In a frank interview, Moosburger pointed to the average speeds of modern professional races, especially hard tours. "The average in last year's Tour was 41 kilometres per hour - that is incredible. You can do a hard Alpine stage without doping. But after that, the muscles are exhausted. You need - depending on your training conditions - up to three days in order to regenerate."

To help recover, testosterone and human growth hormone can be used. "Both are made by the body and are therefore natural substances," he said. "They help to build muscle as well as in muscle recovery."

Dr Moosburger explained how it was done. "You put a standard testosterone patch that is used for male hormone replacement therapy on your scrotum and leave it there for about six hours. The small dose is not sufficient to produce a positive urine result in the doping test, but the body actually recovers faster."

Dr Moosburger went onto explain that, "The supply of oxygen to the blood decides what the body is capable of in terms of fat- and carbohydrate metabolism. This capacity is mostly genetically determined.The muscles of athletes who are able to reach the top level of sport can carry about 60 millilitres per kilo per minute in an untrained condition. That of an average person is only about 40 millilitres per kilo. In order to be able to keep up with the world's best, it must be 85 to 90 millilitres.

EPO helps oxygen carrying capacity, and has long been the performance enhancing drug of choice in endurance sports. "It enables you to hold the haematocrit of the blood in the upper level of what's allowed for the whole season. Before the EPO test, for example, athletes injected 4000 units three times per week. Now they inject a small dose almost daily."

Finally, in the opinion of Dr Moosburger, blood doping via transfusion would give an athlete a five percent boost for two to three weeks. "And therefore can last for a grand tour."

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