Kilo / Sprint Training

Discussion in 'Track Racing' started by Brad Wadlow, Mar 15, 2005.

  1. Billsworld

    Billsworld New Member

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    I am a newbee in Mass. What track do you use in CT? Also I am 44yrs old. I used to ride 20 yrs ago. I have been power lifting most of that time. I can still lift decent, but love the bike again. I just bought a Bianchi pista 48x14 I got it up to 38.5 on a flat after a small down hill. I also have mustered a 22 mph ave. on an 8.5 mile ride(road bike) . Almost killed me. Quastion is; I like crits, and just did my first, but seem more suited for sprinting. There are no tracks around, and I refuse to give up lifting. looking for some direction thanks BP
     


  2. velomanct

    velomanct New Member

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    I am in the same boat as you, I want to race track but none around here. Kissena in NYC is the closest at 90min, but I can't get there during the week. There is a track in NH that they have some races on. I can't find the link, try a search.

    I haven't even raced on the track yet, but have been trying to learn about it. I am planning on going to trexlertown (www.lvvelo.org) on the 24th for a race, I will be doing the kilo.

    check our www.fixedgearfever.com they have lots lots of good info on track. One of the Australian track sprint coaches posted a very good summary on how they train. It's in the track racing forum under my(chainsnapper) thread 'weights before sprints'.
    You will spend hours on those forums learning tons.
     
  3. velomanct

    velomanct New Member

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    53x12, from about 5mph sprint for 30seconds.

    I also have done the same intervals, just with small gears, like 39x19.

    Both hurt incredibly. Any training for the kilo hurts incredibly. It REALLY helps to have good motivation, either from racing or a training partner. I am always training by myself, it sucks.
     
  4. Billsworld

    Billsworld New Member

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    The track in N.H. is an auto race track I will get you the link. I spoke with the leader of it yesterday, and sounds like they have a good time. He grew up at TTown. Try the USCF website, and search bike clubs in NH. It is called LEAD. I think they have alot of kids programs too. I had the bright idea that the kilo would be right for me too. I figure that hey Im 44,not quit as strong as a few years back, but I can spin kind of fast. Then I tried to ride an all out kilo. I got about 3 maybe 400 meters. Who the heck would do that for fun. Thanks again. I will check out that site BP
     
  5. velomanct

    velomanct New Member

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    i'm not too sure about being a kilo guy. you have to be partially insane to put yourself through such torture. it's not an olympic event anymore so on the UCI scene it will probally dissapear.
     
  6. Billsworld

    Billsworld New Member

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    The training methods all you guys are talking about is right up my alley. Squats, cleans, speed, mmmmm I can still squat 315x10 (belt only)after my leg press routine. I have to do it that way because it keeps my squat lbs down, which prevents injuries. I can only train legs every 10 days to 2 wks if I am riding at all. I am trying to figure out which direction to go in. Traveling to tracks on weekends doesnt sound like fun, and the crits are fun, but i am not in love with all those miles. . If you have any thoughts on criterium racing ,occasional track racing and weight training combo (and not being skinny and sucking at all three), I am listening
     
  7. velomanct

    velomanct New Member

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    crits are quite a bit more aerobic than the sprint events on the track, a lot more aerobic. crits are basically endurance events that require a good sprint. simular to points races on the track. if you want to be a good crit racer you have to put in a fair amount of miles. weights will not do much good for crit racing at all, just mostly hurt you (too sore to train).
    I would say, do what you can. You can be competitive in crits without doing long miles, you just need lots of intervals and such. Go to the track when possible, lift whenever you want, and just have fun.
     
  8. fergie

    fergie Member

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    Hello Everyone

    Here is my outline of training for a sprinter. Feel free to pick it to pieces. The most important thing is not so much what training a rider does but what effect it has on them and how they communicate this to you. The best results I had with a sprinter was one that I personally trained in the gym and was on hand for most of her track work. A lot of speed work was done on a windtrainer at the gym. Much the same as the success I had with a road rider building towards the World Road Champs where I didn't observe much of his training but we was in contact up to three times a day leading up to his departure for Europe.

    For sprinters I follow a multi-tier approach as opposed to the more periodised approach I use for endurance. Everything is trained year round and it is the amounts that vary depending on what phase one is in.

    This means medium term aerobic, short term aerobic, anaerobic capacity, alactic capacity, power and strength (both ATP system) are all included in the programme.

    Based on the goal event and the main requirements (sprint = anaerobic capacity) one looks at the levels 2 up and 2 below the main requirement and trains all 5.

    For a sprinter...

    +2: ATP Strength and Power
    +1: Alactic Capacity
    Main: Anaerobic Capacity
    -1: Short Term Endurance (around maxV02)
    -2: Medium Term Endurance (around anaerobic threshold)

    For a roadie it would look like...

    +2: Anaerobic Capacity
    +1: Short Term Endurance
    Main: Medium Term Endurance
    +1: Long Term Endurance (around aerobic threshold)
    +2: Very Long Term Endurance (below aerobic threshold)

    Note I still get roadies to do very short sprints of 6-10sec or two lamp posts start in the saddle in medium gear (53X19-17) as a type of weights on wheels workout.

    Training is then based on each requirement and the volumes at each level is varied depending on the priority. It generally goes from endurance through to strength and power for sprinters. The easiest way is to take the time till the goal event and divide by 5.

    Note I do things differently for roadies who spend as much time as possible in the long term endurance phase before a block at MT Endurance, a block at ST endurance and a 2 week block of Anaerobic capacity before a 2 week taper to the goal event. This is because 75% of road racing is done within the aerobic and anaerobic threshold and the more power they can produce and sustain at this level the less time they spend in the energy sapping anaerobic levels. Sprinters however need to train fast all year long.

    Instead of the usual 7 day microcycle I have gone for a 14 day period. All training sessions have goals of either time or max lift achieved. If you can't get close to a PB then pack up. Also you hit a PB then pack up, reward yourself for hitting new targets!

    Example schedules based on a masters level rider with 20 years in the sport, a good understanding of weight training and racing at Denton Park, Christchurch, New Zealand's regular racing on a Wednesday and Sunday from late October to early March.

    Medium term endurance phase...

    Mon: Rest Day
    Tues: 3 X 5min @ anaerobic threshold
    Wed: am. Lower Body Power ie Powercleans pm Track Racing
    Thur: Rest Day
    Fri: am. Upper body weights pm. 12 X 15ses on 15sec off at maxV02
    Sat: 8 X 6 sec at max speed
    Sun: am Lower Body Strength ie Deadlifts pm Track Racing
    Mon: Rest Day
    Tue: 3 X 5min @ anaerobic threshold
    Wed: am Lower Body Power pm Track Racing
    Thu: Rest Day
    Fri: am. Upper body weights pm. 12 X 15sec on 15 sec off at max V02
    Sat: 3 X 5 min @ anaerobic threshold
    Sun: am Lower body Strength pm Track Racing

    Short term endurance phase...

    Mon: Rest Day
    Tues: 12 X 15sec on 15sec off at max V02
    Wed: am. Lower Body Power ie Snatch pm Track Racing
    Thur: Rest Day
    Fri: am. Upper body weights pm. 12 X 15ses on 15sec off at maxV02
    Sat: 8 X 6 sec at max speed
    Sun: am Lower Body Strength ie Squats pm Track Racing
    Mon: Rest Day
    Tue: 12 X 15sec on 15sec off at max V02
    Wed: am Lower Body Power pm Track Racing
    Thu: Rest Day
    Fri: am. Upper body weights pm. 3 X 5min @ anaerobic threshold
    Sat: 12 X 15sec on 15sec off at max V02
    Sun: am Lower body Strength pm Track Racing

    Anaerobic Capacity Phase

    Mon: Rest Day
    Tues: 5X20sec (or 250m) at high speed
    Wed: am. Lower Body Power ie High volume plyos pm Track Racing
    Thur: Rest Day
    Fri: am. Upper body weights pm. 3 X 5min @ anaerobic threshold
    Sat: 8 X 6 sec at max speed
    Sun: am Lower Body Strength ie Leg press pm Track Racing
    Mon: Rest Day
    Tue: 5X20sec (or 250m) at high speed
    Wed: am Lower Body Power pm Track Racing
    Thu: Rest Day
    Fri: am. Upper body weights pm. 8 X 6sec at max speed
    Sat: 12 X 15sec on 15sec off at maxV02
    Sun: am Lower body Strength pm Track Racing

    Alactic Capacity Phase

    Mon: Rest Day
    Tues: 8 X 6 sec at max speed
    Wed: am. Lower Body Power ie Low volume plyos pm Track Racing
    Thur: Rest Day
    Fri: am. Upper body weights pm. 5X20sec (or 250m) at high speed
    Sat: 8 X 6 sec at max speed
    Sun: am Lower Body Strength ie Split Squats pm Track Racing
    Mon: Rest Day
    Tue: 8 X 6 sec at max speed
    Wed: am Lower Body Power pm Track Racing
    Thu: Rest Day
    Fri: am. Upper body weights pm. 8 X 6sec at max speed
    Sat: 12 X 15sec on 15sec off at maxV02
    Sun: am Lower body Strength pm Track Racing

    Now is the time to use the bike to get you up to speed (ie 65-72kph) and then between turn 3 and 4 kick round the bike to the line. Can be done on windtrainer but on track is better to replicate the effort and handling required to kick off a wheel.

    ATP Phase

    Mon: Rest Day
    Tues: 4 X 6 sec at max speed
    Wed: am. Lower Body Power ie Low volume plyos with weights pm Track Racing
    Thur: Rest Day
    Fri: am. Upper body weights pm. 2X20sec (or 250m) at high speed
    Sat: 4 X 6 sec at max speed
    Sun: am Lower Body Strength ie One leg leg press pm Track Racing
    Mon: Rest Day
    Tue: 4 X 6 sec at max speed
    Wed: am Lower Body Power pm Track Racing
    Thu: Rest Day
    Fri: am. Upper body weights pm. 4 X 6sec at max speed
    Sat: 6 X 15sec on 15sec off at maxV02
    Sun: am Lower body Strength pm Track Racing

    This is the final lead up to goal event and is done once then in the final 14 days to the goal event changes to...

    Mon: Rest Day
    Tues: 2 X 6 sec at max speed
    Wed: am. Lower Body Power ie Low volume plyos with weights pm Track Racing
    Thur: Rest Day
    Fri: am. Upper body weights pm. 20sec (or 250m) at high speed
    Sat: 2 X 6 sec at max speed
    Sun: am Lower Body Strength ie One leg leg press pm Track Racing
    Mon: Rest Day
    Tue: 2 X 6 sec at max speed
    Wed: am Lower Body Power pm Track Racing
    Thu: Rest Day
    Fri: am. Upper body weights pm. 2 X 6sec at max speed
    Sat: Goal Event
    Sun: Goal Event

    Very little aerobic training in the last two phases but before all anaerobic and alactic workouts one should do this to warm up...

    -5-15 min at aerobic threshold
    -Stretching
    -1-5 min below aerobic threshold
    -5 min at anaerobic threshold
    -1-5 min below aerobic threshold
    -1 min at max aerobic pace
    -2-10 min below aerobic threshold
    -30 sec flat out
    -ride at below aerobic threshold to start/training

    This and a decent warm down negates the need for much aerobic training in the last two phases.

    With the weight training the goal is to hit a new PB and then do some supplemental exercises. Select one main exercise hit the PB and then if lower body do some hamstring, glute, lower back and abs work. For upper body try and hit a PB for a Chest and Back exercise then do some supplemental work on the biceps, triceps, rear delts/rotator cuff abs and lower back. Power days are harder to judge as you use a load between 30-70% of max or body weight. If you don't have the snap in your efforts then pack up.

    Most of this programme is based on my own understanding of cycling, physiology and sprinting. It includes elements from the new Aussie programme, a little of the old Gary West programme, some Charlie Francis from T&F sprinting (less the steroids), Louie Simmons conjugate method of training (less the steroids) for Powerlifters (which draws on Russian physiologist and biomechanist Yuri Verkoshansky), Mel Siff (strength/speed training expert, sadly deceased) and Peter Coe's (father of Seb Coe) multi tier training philosophy. Not much of the old East German programme as a lot of it is 3rd-4th hand information, it's 20 years old anyway and they took ****-loads of drugs.

    Cheers

    Hamish Ferguson
    Christchurch, New Zealand
     
  9. Meek One

    Meek One New Member

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    What is training like in the off-season? Thanks.
     
  10. fergie

    fergie Member

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    In most Countries sprint programmes there is no off-season. Charlie Francis likes to keep his sprinters (T&F) within 5% of peak form all year round.

    In 1996 the Aussie Sprint Coach Gary West credited Jens Fieldlers Olympic success with his year round focus on training and competing in all Track meets while the Aussie riders Neiwand and Hill spent more time chasing girls and hanging out at the gym.

    Hamish Ferguson
     
  11. Billsworld

    Billsworld New Member

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    Thanks, no picking here. I am 44 yrs old, and would overtrain fast on that routine. Maybe its my powerlifting background, but I cant do much in the way of making progress when my legs are beat. As a lifetime drug free guy , we used to do all we could to keep the nervous system , joints and tissue rested. I have found that I need to apply how I feel to what i go for on the bike or gym. I cant argue with your background or applied science though. In my experience , the lower back gets abused the fastest. Deadlift , cleans, and squats that close together sounds like a real tired back and nervous system to me to me. Ok I guess thats picking. Thanks BP
     
  12. Billsworld

    Billsworld New Member

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    If you wouldnt mind posting some goals for speed/cadence/gear... etc that I can shoot for on the road that would be great. I have no access to a track, and will have to do almost all prep on the road. I would like to show up to the track and not look like a complete ass. Thanks again
     
  13. fergie

    fergie Member

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    Thanks for the comments. As mentioned I have gone for a 14 day microcycle to increase recovery times. Do you think for the gym work just do one session a week? The gym sessions are based on Louie Simmons powerlifting schedules but they are open drug users and I do not advocate any performance enhancing drug taking.

    I fully agree on big rests between workouts. I did fear that some would think this programme a little light even for a Masters level rider.

    Also any programme is only good at the time it is written. As mentioned it's how the coach works with the rider to determine the effect of training and then tweaking the programme.

    As for times/speeds/gears/cadences etc they really depend on the rider, their experience, their physiology, strengths and weakness's

    Many Thanks

    Hamish Ferguson
    Christchurch, New Zealand
     
  14. fergie

    fergie Member

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    After a bit of discussion on Fixed Gear Fever on sprinting this appeared...

    Greetings All,

    I don't usually use these forums but one of the developmental sprinters I help train forwarded this discussion to me so I thought I'd jump in.

    I am currently the Strength and Conditioning Coach for the Australian National Sprint Cycling Team and have been for about five years. I am also the Strength Scientist for the South Australian Sports Institute in Adelaide, Australia, where the National Sprint Program is based. In addition, for "fun", I help coach a group of developmental sprint cyclists, which form the core of our SA State Sprint team and half of whom are now in the Top 10 sprinters in Australia, which would make them National champions in all but a handful of countries and, when I get time, I roll around the track myself.

    Some points (for free):

    1. We don't keep any secrets from anyone, including the Poms, the Frogs, Ze Germans or the Yanks. In fact, people just generally don't believe what we tell them, disagree or their programs (or minds) are too set in concrete to change. We invite other top riders to train with us and they get faster, but they go home and do the same old thing. The Head Coach, support staff and I are happy to tell anyone and everyone what we do. We usually just don't get time to sit around on chat rooms or make social chit chat on E-mail, let alone write a book.

    What Charlie Walsh and Gary West used to do with our sprinters when they were the Head Coaches was state of the art at the time and they are both great coaches. You will not find anyone in Australian Cycling who will question that or say a word against what they did at the time, but times have changed and those methods are not quite enough to consistently hit the top spots now, although you can still be troublesome internationally if you've got natural speed. The top speeds have gone to a new level and to reach that level, you have to specialise your sprint riders more. I'm sure if Charlie and Westy were still coaching the Oz team, they wouldn't be doing exactly the same things they were doing ten years ago. They are too smart for that.

    Most of what we do is based on methods and research that have been around for decades but have not been applied to cycling. It has mostly been used in athletics and we have copied a lot from that and what the French and Germans have done at various times. The Brits were formerly coached by our current Head Track Coach, so they do a lot of similar things too. What the Dutch are doing now, I'm not sure, but they were mostly all speed skaters before they were top cyclists, so maybe there's something in that.

    2. We are constantly trying new things and changing what we do, so what we do this year will be different to what we did last year and so on. Australia is a small country and is competing with some real powerhouses in terms of talent pools, resources and money that we can't even dream of matching, so we have to be a step ahead or we're not in the race.

    3. What sprinters did 10 years ago is completely different to what most of the top sprinters are doing now. The critical factors that determine success or failure have changed. Tactics have changed and the tournament formats have changed. Training that would win 10 years ago is generally not as successful today, but every dog has his or her day and some old-school trainers still come out on top now and again, but it is happening less and less.

    4. Our philosophy is simple. Most events are speed endurance. To win you need to go faster for longer than the other guy or gal. Some riders are better at faster, some are better at longer, but they generally need a bit of both. To have speed endurance, first you need speed. If you can't ride 5.0 for a flying 100m, you won't ride 10.1 for a 200m. Speed is hard to train and takes a long time. Endurance is easy by comparison and we just chuck that on at the end. To get up to speed, you need acceleration and that means power. Power is a combination of strength and speed. The speed part you get on the track, the strength you get in the gym. Low cadence power (0-120rpm or so) we can train in the gym too, but high cadence power (120-200rpm) is too fast to do in the gym and you generally need to be chasing a maniac on a motorbike (e.g., our Head Coach) down the bank to increase that. Or at least, someone faster than you to break the wind so you can go overspeed.

    5. Aerobic Capacity (VO2max, AT) is the base for enduros, strength is the base for sprinters. We do three gym sessions and two track sessions for most of the year. Road is just for recovery, to keep them a little bit lean and to keep the sprinters out of the pub and out of trouble. It is generally a max of 2hrs, but mostly only 1 and is very easy - talking the whole time.

    6. When strength is the focus, we don't care what numbers they pump out on track, just what they lift. When power or speed is the focus, we back the gym off (2/wk and easier sessions) so we can get the numbers we want on the track (3-4/wk). Generally, half the year is spent focussed on strength and half on power and speed (roughly - depends on competitive calendar) although we always train a bit of everything, it's just the proportion of each that changes. The strength work is not all done in one block. We cycle through strength, power and speed at least twice per year.

    7. Gym is generally 3-4sets of 3 max lower body strength or power lifts - early in the phase, two strength and one power, later, two power and one strength. I don't use cleans, jerks or snatches with our current riders - they are too technical for maximal efforts unless you have years of experience. We do one bilateral strength lift each session for "core" strength (Squat, Deadlift, Romanian Deadlift) - usually lower back is the limiting factor not legs and this is the only reason I use these lifts - for back strength in standing starts. The rest of the lifts are unilateral. How many feet do you push each pedal with at one time? If you train bilaterally you get stronger bilaterally and unilateral strength lags behind. If you train unilaterally, you get stronger unilaterally. It's a neural thing.

    Single-leg Press is our bread and butter. Different foot and hip positions for different phases of pedal stroke, standing, seated, etc. I use high speed video to match joint angles and velocities for each rider. We mainly do it ballistically for power - throw the sled as far as you can - at different percentages of max to match up to different muscle contraction velocities for different phases of the acceleration (different cadences). We do a lot of single-leg plyos on boxes, stairs, bunjee sleds, etc during speed phases. Strength and power gains are extremely specific and do not necessarily transfer well. When Ryan Bayley beat Sean Eadie in the Commonwealth Games sprint final in 2002, Sean was tripling 250kg for a parallel back squat and Ryan was tripling 120kg On single-leg press, they were much closer (20kg) and so was the racing.

    Single-leg squats (front and back) and deadlifts usually make up the third exercise and are as much for pelvic stability as strength. I'm going to try single-leg pulls and cleans this year, but these will not be our primary power exercises - more of a preparation for the work before Beijing. We have done SL squats, deadlifts and pulls for years now and the riders are pretty stable. An example of numbers - our best single-leg squat figures are 3 @ 165kg on each leg (just over 360lbs). The weakest of the girls (who just entered the squad this year) is 3 @ 80kg on each leg, but she only weighs about 50kg. Two riders have done the 165kg so far. We have riders who can do sets of standing hops onto 1m+ boxes. The lowest is for one of the girls and is a 70cm box for sets of 8 each leg.

    8. Upper body, we do two exercise per session (a push and a pull in the same plane of movement, different each day) in general prep and two per week in specific prep (both pulls) so they can keep hold of the handlebars in standing starts. The girls are starting to push themselves off the bike, their legs are so strong (around 3 @ 250kg on each leg for the girls and up to 350kg for the guys on SLP). Abs and core, we do two per session - one mainly flexion, one mainly extension. Some have rotational or lateral components, but not isometric holds or pilates mumbo jumbo. If their "core stability" is poor, they wouldn't be able to squat on one leg. Lying on the ground and waving your legs in the air doesn't transfer to the bike. That might annoy the physio's and guru's who make money out of Swiss balls and all that stuff, but I tried it for three years in 20 different sports and it didn't make any difference to performance or injury rates. They get really good at balancing on a ball, but there's no Olympic event for that. It doesn't transfer to the sport. Fix their technical problems in the actual technique (soapbox time is now over).

    9. A Gym session lasts about 2.5-3 hours for 6 or 7 exercises, a maximum of 33 sets including 12 warm-ups sets, so that's about one set every six minutes or more on average. We don't set maximum rests, just minimums. If they need longer to get their heads in gear, they take it. Ryan Bayley is the slowest trainer in the world. Lucky he's so bloody fast, they'll pay my bill to sit there and talk about muscle cars and heavy metal music. Reps are a maximum of 6 for strength, and 4 - 15 for power (less for high percentages - 60-70% max, more for low percentages - 20%, or BW for plyos) Total contraction time for a set (not counting hang time in the air) is around 6-8s max - phosphate energy system all the way. Minimum of 2 min rest, but that is never in danger. Only the phosphate energy system can deliver energy fast enough for maximal work and you've got about 8s max.

    10. On the track they take about 3 hours for 3 or 4 efforts including half hour warm-up routine - same as pre-race warm-up. Warm-up, change gears, roll-up, effort, roll down 20-30min rest, roll-up, effort, etc. Lot's more rest. Rest usually consists of sitting on their arses, paying out on each other, drinking Coca Cola (sponsorship please - the Coke bill is killing us) and the occasional chocolate cake. This is especially good when there is a joint sprinter/enduro training session. (Enduros don't get any cake - they're too paranoid about body fat). In general prep phase, the sprinters ride to track and gym (15-20min easy each way) and in spec prep, they drive. Each track effort is no longer than about 15s and usually less than 10s. Again, mainly phosphate system.

    11. The one thing we do that most coaches can't cop is this. If you don't make the target times or loads on the first effort or set, you warm down and go home. You aren't fresh enough to train at a level that will make you improve. If you do a PB, you warm down and go home. If you are on fire that much you can blow yourself to pieces in a couple of sets or efforts and it will take weeks to dig you out of the hole you put yourself in, so whatever it is, if you PB, you stop and come back next time. This philosophy takes everyone a while to accept, but it works. When we don't follow the rules, if we let someone pump out a series of PBs in one session, they are almost invariably wrecked for weeks afterwards and we never get close to quality training during that time. Sometimes, you can see it coming, but sometimes it just comes out of the blue. When it does, warm down, go home. Sometimes, at lower levels you can get away with it, but the better you get, the more capacity you have to exceed your normal limits, the more this becomes important. Enduros don't need to do this. Everything is submaximal.

    12. In general prep, the sprinters might do 2 x 1hr easy aerobic/coffee rides per week and an easier recovery ride on days off (unless the're too fat, then they might do 2hrs and less chocolate cake). This year, we are doing a total of six aerobic development rides (over Christmas - fat time). In spec prep, they just do the recovery rides.

    13. We generally always do track after gym. Gym in mornings (8:30am-11/12) track in the arvo (2:30/3pm-5:30/6pm). If the gym session is too hard, it will bugger them for track. As I said, for about half the year, we don't care. For the other half, I water down the gym so the track work is 100%. There is some short term potentiation from doing some maximal strength or power efforts but the research is not clear on time frames since everyone does something different. This is one thing we are looking at. If we do two maximal power ergo tests (6s with 4-5min recovery), the second one is always much better. The same has been shown with some contrast-loading studies on squats and plyos, etc., but an equal number of studies have shown no effect. The time courses and stimuli are always different though, so it's hard to compare. I think there's something in it so if you find something that works for you, go with it. The exception is start sessions. We never do standing starts after gym. If we do, they are always crap sessions.

    14. Coming up to the major comp for the year (Worlds or Olympics), we slot in a speed endurance block. This involves the addition of some longer sustained efforts or sets of short efforts with low recovery once or twice per week, usually one on an ergo and one on the track. This increases the muscles ability to buffer hydrogen ions from the anaerobic glycolysis energy pathway that you have to rely on when the phosphates run out and increases the enzyme capacity of that pathway as well, so it can run at a higher level. Adaptation is relatively fast and 6-8wks will usually give a massive increase in this capacity.

    15. Here's the logic.
    Volume is a speed killer. It doesn't matter what you do, if you do a lot, it will make you slower. The protein in your muscles (myosin heavy chain isoforms for those who know their molecular biology) will change to a slower, more endurance friendly type if you do too much volume. This is individually variable, but two sessions every day of anything will make you slower as will lots of aerobic work. You might still be fast for an enduro, but in sprinter terms, you're still slow.

    Going slow makes you slow. If you want to be able to go faster, then going at less than maximal speed generally won't do it. If it does, then you weren't operating at 100% before. That's OK. Most people can't switch everything on. You have to practice it. It takes years to reach your 100% level even without any actual physiological improvement. Most sprint events require sustained power output at cadences over 160rpm. If you don't practice this, you won't get good at it. Most people will spend all their bickies just getting up to 160rpm on a decent gear, so to train maximally at that level, you have to get up to 160rpm without using up your phosphate stores. That's where the motor bike comes in. Use the slipstream to get up to max speed or over and then spend your bickies. That way you work maximally at maximal speed. You have to train your nervous system to coordinate your muscular contractions at that speed.

    Same in the gym. If all you do is slow, heavy. You get STRONG and SLOW. You need to do most of your work at race speeds using submaximal loads but at high speeds. If you can't do single-leg stuff, then Olympic pulling movements are your next best option, but unloaded plyos are more important for higher cadences. You don't need to be able to clean or snatch or jerk. The pull phase from the floor to full hip and knee extension is where the gains come from. What happens after that doesn't matter. You can throw the bar out of the window and the gains will be the same. I would only recommend this on your last rep as most gym owners get quite irate about their equipment being heaved out into the street, as do passing pedestrians. The overspeed work will come as you try to get away.

    Use your maximum capacities at the maximum rate and in as specific a way as possible to transfer to the bike. I can outlift all our top riders in the gym and out-power them on the ergo, but I'm not in the race on the track. I can't put my power through the bike into the track. I'm just not technically as good as they are. Ryan Bayley may look like a monkey humping a tennis ball when he sprints but most of his power is getting onto the track.

    16. One last thing. The kilo is not a sprint. It's halfway between sprint and endurance. The old endurance-based training for kilo will get you to 1:03 and you may be able to pump out 1:03s all day, but the mark today is under 1:01. Soon it will be under 1:00, maybe in Beijing. The fastest first 500m wins the kilo now. If you want to go out in 18.6, then your standing lap better be 18.3 or better or else 18.6 is going to bury you. You have to pace the kilo, but you have to get out fast and get up to speed fast. For three years, we trained Shane Kelly as a pure sprinter for half the year then as a sprinter for three or four days and an enduro for three or four days. We got him down from 1:03 where he had been for years to 1:01 changing him from a fourth lap rider to a first lap rider and he broke the Olympic record. Then he got beaten by three riders who did pretty much the same thing and they all went out faster. Luckily he picked up the bronze in the kierin. The guys who win sprint and kilo generally do so at soft comps and are generally long sprinter freaks like Theo, Ryan and Torneau (probably spelt wrong, sorry mate). You can't train to be a freak. You are born a freak and are always a freak, whether you train or not. That's not a bad thing. It's a good thing. And don't be surprised if you see a monkey humping a tennis ball in the kilo in the future.

    All this is talking about the very elite and most people can't practically train like this. Take what you can and apply as much as you can. As you get better, more doors may open and more specific training may become possible. Just go for it. That's what sprinters do.


    Weight training for enduros - the same strategies apply but maximal strength and power are less critical. All endurance riding, even the bunch sprint at the end, is really submaximal. A little bit of gym regularly helps to maintain the structural integrity of the body, prevent imbalances and prepare you for crashes, but the real gains come on the road. Racing is the best training. All our best track enduros race on the road in Europe. They come together for camps to touch up their track skills, but all of that was learnt as juniors and in domestic track racing on the way up. For strength endurance on the bike, ride up hills in the saddle on bigger gears. That was the only strength work out team pursuit did for the last three years and they won everything there was to win with a bucket load of world records to boot. Incidentally, they are also the fastest starters.

    If you reply to me, there's every chance that I will never know unless someone else tells me, because I don't have time to surf the net forums, so please don't feel that it is a personal slight if I don't respond (ever). I expect this will be a one-off post. I just hate seeing people wandering around in the dark, clutching at straws. I only did it this time because I'm having a particularly productive day and I have to slack off a bit or I'll make all of my other days look bad.

    If you're ever in Adelaide, you're more than welcome to pop by and watch some sessions (for free). Our Head Coach loves playing disinformation jokes though, so he'll probably make the riders do something stupid like ride around the track in the opposite direction or ride backwards. He did that to the Spanish coaches. Like I said, there's no secrets. If you want personal coaching tips from us, you'll have to qualify for the Aussie National team or Australian Institute of Sport Program or move to Adelaide and join our developmental squad (AUD$10 per session, we need the numbers).

    Have fun
    Lift heavy
    Ride fast
    Eat cake.

    Cheers
     
  15. Meek One

    Meek One New Member

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    Awesome post.

    I bet their CAKE has better ingredients than my CAKE. :D
     
  16. Billsworld

    Billsworld New Member

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    I just lost a twenty minute reply....rrrgggg. In short I have read alot of your stuff on FGF.(good stuff) The best drug free powerlifters would train bench work once a week(say FRI), and squat and deadlift once a week(Sat.) on the same day allowing the most recovery time. the back taking lots of abuse by both lifts. I wont boar you with a routine that I know you can figure out. Heavy deadlifting was usually once every two weeks on "heavy day" the other week (medium day) The squat would be followed by things like stiff leg dl or good mornings etc.. Some guys would do a total body light day on Wed. That would equate to a recovery ride on a bike. Not everyone trains the same however. I am tring to figure out how to balance the two things in favor of increased performance on the bike. Right now I am on a every two week gym schedule for lower body/back, with mostly basic movements no fluff. I can do upper body every week. I have found that the things that are most abusive to me are 1) the gym..squats 2) standing starts in big gears. i know I have to limit them to keep fresh. I find that sprinting off hills(simulating motorpacing) and overspeed traing are less abusive and I hope they will help me build speed. My current PBs are 38mph in a 48x14 fixed I am hoping to get to 45mph . In smaller gear,pb is 32mph in a 42x17 road bike at about 175rpm suprisingly smooth ..........The things that send up red flags for me are "Lois Simmons" The drug guys with world records get the most press and sell the most books and supliments. Also when I see top sprinters gym workouts doing things like squating 250 kilos for 3 reps at 210 lbs. (Ryan)Either they are squating very high, or with wraps suit etc.. or there are other factors present.... wink wink.I know there are freaks out there, but with all the hours of training on the bike those #s make me go hmmmm?? Not only is he a top sprinter, but he is the unoficial best "drug free" squater in the world.The strongest drug free lifters at 198 lbs squat just below 600lbs below paralel, belt only. Your cycling routines look smart, but I am just a beginner. Thank you for the reply, it is a pleasure. Bill P.
     
  17. Billsworld

    Billsworld New Member

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    I generally dont assume all world class athletes are on the sauce, however when I see a guy thats spends the majority of his life on a bike, and he is lifting elite powerlifting numbers I say hmmmm. If you would like to find out what good lifters post for numbers look at the AAU powerlifting site. I know lots of the guys with records and how they train.They are all tested often and their gains are slow . Some are freaks, some just busted thier ass for years. The "raw denotes no equipment other than a belt. Quick story...My pal Dave Boucher walked in the gym untrained. 1 month later he could squat 405x5 with just a belt at 180 lbs. Within a year it was 500x5 still at 180lbs (accual 175) With equipment (wraps , suit) he sqated 800, DL 600, Bench 440 . drug tested all the way.....he also worked for me doing construction......dumb as a doorknob. Total freak though. Now If I put dave on a bike for say...10 hours a week....his squat numbers would most likely look like 405x5 again(guessing). For a point of reference find your weight class, look at the AAU records and duduct about 20% for busting your ass on the bike. Those would be a great goals.(that you may never hit) Remember these guys just lift,rest, eat. They do very little cardio at all. Also remember the squat # are for below. paralell. Cycling is much about power to weight. Sorry for the speach. Regards BP
     
  18. FixedGearFever

    FixedGearFever New Member

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    Glad you don't just keep your drug accusations on just one forum...

    The Power/Weight factor is greatly minimized on a flat velodrome. Maybe that's why all these guys you are accusing of being on drugs are track racers and not out doing the tour?

    -fgf
     
  19. Billsworld

    Billsworld New Member

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    1) I have things that send up flags for me. People that put up world class powerlifting numbers and are putting in brutaly hard hours in another sport. Powerlifting requires lots of rest for reasons I am sure you know. A little tough to do both. If you have a magic routine you would like to share with me however I am all ears. Maybe one of those cute eastern european 80s routines. Of course they didnt use drugs. 2) I have stated many times that there are many super athletes in the world that dont use drugs ok most. I simply responded to a posted routine where some guy named Ryan appears to be able to do 540x3(=about580x1) in the back squat and train a billion hours a week too. Maybe he can long jump 30 feet and hold his breath for an hour too. I have never accused anyone directly of using drugs. 3) In case you are refering to my mention of the west side barbell club / Lois Simmons. I am pretty sure they dont even pretend to be clean. If I am wrong about that I will promtly offer an appology.Question: Do you ever see any red flags.??? And please refer directly to any other drug charges I have made. Thank You BP
     
  20. Billsworld

    Billsworld New Member

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    If you care to you can do as I suggested and take a peek at the AAU website, and the records "Drug tested and Raw" The testing isnt perfect, but they try. Then if you care to check out some of the untested numbers. Much bigger!!!. Is that a flag for you?? I dont know enough to suspect a guy that can go 10.0 in the 200. I assume he is clean. Frankly I dont even care because I will never compete against him. I dont care if Lance takes EPO either;same reason. But You have guys coming up (kids etc...) that are listening to the huge numbers these pros post on the bike and in the gym and we all are supposed to go ooooo wow. And how the fuck is power to weight not important on the track. I guess I can start putting the ac and power windows back in my race car.
     
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