Tour-Triumphs and tragedies in Tour's history

Discussion in 'Road Cycling' started by Lindsay, Jun 29, 2003.

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    Lindsay Guest

    Tour-Triumphs and tragedies in Tour's history

    By Francois Thomazeau

    PARIS, June 30 (Reuters) - For a cancer survivor to win the Tour de France for the fifth successive
    time on the 100th anniversary of the world's most famous cycling race would be the perfect crowning
    to a century of sporting feats, drama and controversy.

    The larger-than-life Lance Armstrong, who will start his quest on Saturday, is typical of the great
    names who have made Tour history since Frenchman Maurice Garin won the inaugural race in 1903.

    For cycling fans and the French public in general, the Tour is part of the national heritage, a big
    summer festival reminiscent of childhood and holidays.

    The leader's yellow jersey is the equivalent of a gold medal rewarding great sporting achievements
    in one of sport's most gruelling efforts.

    But the Tour history has also been a tragic one and many of the race figures of the past 100 years
    have had gruesome destinies. Death has been a feature of the race's story, for the Tour has been
    closely linked to the bigger history around it.

    Four winners died in World War One, killed on the battlefields of Europe.

    Three riders died in the race itself -- Francesco Cepeda, who crashed in the Galibier Pass in 1935,
    Briton Tom Simpson, killed by exhaustion and amphetamines on the sun-drenched climb to the Ventoux
    in 1967 and Armstrong's team mate Fabio Casartelli, who crashed in the Pyrenees in 1995.

    Others suffered violent deaths away from the race. Italian Ottavio Bottechia, the 1924 winner, was
    stoned to death in a vineyard in 1927 in a case that was never fully solved. Rene Pottier, the
    winner in 1906, hung himself the following year after his wife left him.

    TRAGEDIES

    France's Henri Pelissier, the most popular rider of the 1920s, was killed by his mistress in 1935
    with the gun his wife had used to shoot herself. Spaniard Luis Ocana, the 1973 winner, committed
    suicide after his farm went bankrupt.

    Many other famous riders died of illness.

    Frenchman Jacques Anquetil, the first rider to win the race five times, died of cancer at the
    age of 53.

    Italian Fausto Coppi died of malaria in 1960, at 41. Louison Bobet, the winner in 1953, 1954 and
    1955, was also killed by disease at the age of 58.

    Swiss Hugo Koblet, crowned in 1951, and Jean Robic, winner in 1947, lived lives of excess and died
    in car crashes.

    Some saw their careers ruined by history. Belgian Philippe Thys won three Tours, the first two
    before World War One, the third in 1920 and could have fared much better had the race not been
    suspended because of the conflict.

    For many historians, Italian Gino Bartali, winner in 1938 and 1948, was arguably the most talented
    rider of all time. But World War Two stopped him from winning more than twice.

    American Armstrong, who survived a near-fatal cancer in 1996, returned stronger than ever in 1999
    and he will attempt to become the fifth rider to win five times and only the second to do it in
    succession.

    TRIUMPHS

    The first five-times winner Anquetil, whose triumphs came between 1957 and 1964, set the pattern
    which would be followed by the other great Tour riders -- unbeatable in the time trials, he was
    content with just staying with the best climbers in the mountains.

    Belgian Eddy Merckx is undeniably the best rider in the history of cycling. The "cannibal", who
    claimed his five Tours between 1969 and 1974, holds most of the race records -- he won 34 stages and
    held the leader's jersey for 96 days.

    France's Bernard Hinault, a farmer from Brittany, imposed his strong will on the rest of the bunch
    to dominate cycling in the 1980s and passed the baton to American Greg LeMond in 1986.

    Miguel Indurain, a model of consistency and one of the greatest time trial specialists ever, crowned
    years of Spanish presence on the Tour by becoming only the third Spaniard to win the race, after
    climbers Federico Bahamontes and Pedro Delgado.

    The aloof rider from Navarre went on to win five Tours in succession in the 1990s, a decade in which
    doping and especially the use of erythropoietin (EPO) came close to ruining the sport.

    The 1998 Festina scandal, revealing the widespread use of drugs in the peloton, was the peak of a
    doping problem which went back a long way.

    In 1924, the Pelissier brothers, France's most popular riders, had shown renowned journalist Albert
    Londres the contents of their bags. Cocaine, strychnine and various pills were already part of the
    Tour rider's daily diet.

    Lindsay
    ----------------------------
    "One of the annoying things about believing in free will and individual responsibility is the
    difficulty of finding somebody to blame your problems on. And when you do find somebody, it's
    remarkable how often his picture turns up on your driver's license."

    P.J. O'Rourke
     
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