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    Nader: Iraq an Unconstitutional, Illegal War

    Based on Five Falsehoods:

    "All public policy should revolve around the principle that individuals
    are responsible for what they say and do." -- George W. Bush, 1994.

    Washington, DC:
    Building on his call for the impeachment of President
    Bush and Vice President Cheney, Independent Presidential candidate Ralph
    Nader today is calling on Members of the House of Representatives to
    begin an impeachment inquiry to investigate two distinct impeachable

    An Impeachment Inquiry is the first step toward considering Articles of
    Impeachment. During an Impeachment Inquiry the House would investigate
    whether there are potential impeachable offenses.

    Impeachment Inquiry and the Process of Impeachment

    While the Constitution is clear in granting the impeachment power to the
    House, it leaves the development of mechanisms for exercising the power
    to the House. As noted by the Association of the Bar of the City of New
    York in "The Law of Presidential Impeachment By the Committee on Federal
    Legislation" (see:

    "A variety of methods have been employed to institute impeachment
    proceedings: Charges may be made orally on the floor by a Member of the
    House; a Member may submit a written statement of charges; one or more
    Members of the House may offer a resolution and place it in the
    legislative hopper; a presidential message to the House may initiate
    proceedings. The House has also received charges from a state
    legislature, from a territory, and from a grand jury. Finally, there may
    be a report of a committee of the House which may submit facts or
    charges that will lead to impeachment. Under the rules governing the
    order of business in the House a direct proposition to impeach is a
    matter of highest privilege and supersedes other business. Similar
    privileged treatment is given to propositions relating to a pending

    The purpose of the Impeachment Inquiry is to have a Committee develop a
    report for the House which then can be considered for the purpose of
    determining whether to proceed with impeachment proceedings. The House
    determines whether to impeach based on a majority vote. It is important
    to remember that impeachment does not mean conviction - that is left to
    the Senate. Impeachment is the equivalent of an indictment, making
    formal charges, which the Senate then considers. Conviction requires
    two-thirds of the Members present in the Senate to vote for conviction.

    Two Potential Articles of Impeachment that Should be Part of an Impeachment Inquiry

    The Impeachment Inquiry should focus on two areas involving President
    Bush and Vice President Dick Cheney.

    The unconstitutional war in Iraq.

    "The Inquiry should examine whether President Bush and Vice President
    Cheney have gone beyond the bounds of the Constitution, defied the rule
    of law, and if so, whether impeachment is the appropriate constitutional
    punishment," said Nader. The United States Congress never voted for the
    Iraq war. Congress voted for a resolution in October 2002 which
    unlawfully transferred to the President the decision-making power of
    whether to launch a first-strike invasion of Iraq. The United States
    Constitution's War Powers Clause (Article 1, Section 8, Clause 11) vests
    the power of deciding whether to send the nation into war solely in the
    United States Congress. This can only be changed by a constitutional

    "Our founders had seen what could occur when the power to declare war
    was vested in one person, a King or a Queen, so they took clear steps to
    ensure no one person could declare war for the United States. As James
    Madison wrote: "In no part of the constitution is more wisdom to be
    found, than in the clause which confides the question of war and peace
    to the legislature, and not to the executive department," noted Nader.

    Five Falsehoods that Led to the Iraq Quagmire:

    Making matters worse in this situation, the illegal first-strike
    invasion and occupation of Iraq was justified by five falsehoods. Nader
    calls for a second area for Impeachment Inquiry to examine: the "five
    falsehoods that led to war." In 1994 George W. Bush said: "All public
    policy should revolve around the principle that individuals are
    responsible for what they say and do." In 2000, he ran as the
    "responsibility " candidate. Manipulation or deliberate misuse of
    national security intelligence data, if proven, would be "a high crime"
    under the Constitution's impeachment clause. Article II, Section 4 of
    the Constitution provides: "The President, Vice President and all civil
    Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on
    Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high
    Crimes and Misdemeanors."


    The weapons have still not been found. Nader emphasized, "Until the 1991
    Gulf War, Saddam Hussein was our government's anti-communist ally in the
    Middle East. We also used him to keep Iran at bay. In so doing, in the
    1980s under Reagan and the first Bush, corporations were licensed by the
    Department of Commerce to export the materials for chemical and
    biological weapons that President George W. Bush and Vice President Dick
    Cheney later accused him of having." Those weapons were destroyed after
    the Gulf War. President Bush's favorite chief weapons inspector, David
    Kay, after returning from Iraq and leading a large team of inspectors
    and spending nearly half a billion dollars told the president :We were

    See: David Kay testimony before Senate Armed Services Committee,
    January 28, 2004.


    The White House made this claim even though the CIA and FBI repeatedly
    told the Administration that there was no tie between Saddam Hussein and
    Al Qaeda. They were mortal enemies - one secular, the other


    In fact, Saddam was a tottering dictator, with an antiquated, fractured
    army of low morale and with Kurdish enemies in Northern Iraq and Shiite
    adversaries in the South of Iraq. He did not even control the air space
    over most of Iraq.


    In fact, Iraq was surrounded by countries with far superior military
    forces. Turkey, Iran and Israel were all capable of obliterating any
    aggressive move by the Iraqi dictator.


    There are brutal dictators throughout the world, many supported over the
    years by Washington, whose people need "liberation " from their leaders.
    This is not a persuasive argument since for Iraq, it's about oil. In
    fact, the occupation of Iraq by the United States is a magnet for
    increasing violence, anarchy and insurrection.

    Nader urges the Congress to investigate the illegal nature of the war,
    and how the five falsehoods became part of the Bush Administration's
    drum beat for war, in a formal Inquiry of Impeachment.


    For further information, contact:

    Kevin Zeese

    Matt Ahearn
    [email protected]

    fiscal sponsor." Fiscal sponsorship by IFCO means Not In Our Name
    receives donations that are tax deductible because of IFCO's 501c(3)
    (charitable, federal tax-exempt) status. IFCO charges a fee for this

    Why is NION not a 501c(3)?

    Donations to NION/IFCO are then mailed to the Women's International League
    for Peace and Freedom (WILPF), which is located at 339 Lafayette Street in
    New York City. The address is the same as NION's. The intimate nature of a
    financial partnership shows how closely aligned these two organizations are.
    And that's scary, because the Women's International League for Peace and
    Freedom has been associated with Communist causes since its inception. Molly
    Klopot of the WILPF is a NION organizer. The WILPF is related to IFCO as
    well as NION. Marilyn Clement, who is the Executive Director of WIPLF, is
    the Treasurer of IFCO.

    The building where the offices of NION, the WILPF and the War Resisters
    League are located is known as the "Peace Pentagon," and is owned by the
    A.J. Muste Memorial Institute. A.J. Muste was a "peace" advocate who
    compiled frequent flier miles visiting Hanoi during the Vietnam War era. The
    Muste Foundation funds groups like the War Resisters League, School of the
    Americas Watch, Nicaragua Solidarity Network, International Peace bureau,
    International Fellowship of Reconciliation, Coalition for Human Rights of
    Immigrants, and WILPF.

    NION: Castro and Islamist Terror

    The Interreligous Foundation for Community Organization is a pro-Castro
    proxy group. Members of their staff such as Lucius Walker (Executive
    Director), Marilyn Clement (Treasurer) and Ellen Bernstein (Grants
    Administrator) are